Islamic Architecture Around the World [Part 2]
We have collected 500 wallpapers of Islamic Architecture Around the World, we have divided them into 10 parts and with every wallpaper we will try to give the architecture details as much as possible I hope you love them!
Babur’s Garden – Afghanistan
The Gardens of Babur, locally called Bagh-e Babur (Persian: باغ بابر), is a historic park in Kabul, Afghanistan, and also the last resting-place of the first Mughal emperor Babur. The gardens are thought to have been developed around 1528 AD (935 AH) when Babur gave orders for the construction of an ‘avenue garden’ in Kabul, described in some detail in his memoirs, the Baburnama.
It was the tradition of Moghul princes to develop sites for recreation and pleasure during their lifetime, and choose one of these as a last resting-place. The site continued to be of significance to Babur’s successors, and Jehangir made a pilgrimage to the site in 1607 AD (1016 AH) when he ordered that all gardens in Kabul be surrounded by walls, that a prayer platform be laid in front of Babur’s grave, and an inscribed headstone placed at its head. During the visit of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 (1047 AH) a marble screen was erected around the group of tombs, and a mosque built on the terrace below. There are accounts from the time of the visit to the site of Shah Jahan in 1638 (1047AH) of a stone water-channel that ran between an avenue of trees from the terrace below the mosque, with pools at certain intervals.
Badshahi Mosque – Lahore, Pakistan
The Badshahi Mosque (Urdu: بادشاہی مسجد) or the ‘Royal Mosque’ in Lahore, commissioned by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671 and completed in 1673, is the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the fifth largest mosque in the world. Epitomising the beauty, passion and grandeur of the Mughal era, it is Lahore’s most famous landmark and a major tourist attraction.
Capable of accommodating 5,000 worshippers in its main prayer hall and a further 95,000 in its courtyard and porticoes, it remained the largest mosque in the world from 1673 to 1986 (a period of 313 years), when overtaken in size by the completion of the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad. Today, it remains the second largest mosque in Pakistan and South Asia and the fifth largest mosque in the world after the Masjid al-Haram (Grand Mosque) of Mecca, the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (Prophet’s Mosque) in Medina, the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca and the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad.
To appreciate its large size, the four minarets of the Badshahi Mosque are 13.9 ft (4.2 m) taller than those of the Taj Mahal and the main platform of the Taj Mahal can fit inside the 278,784 sq ft (25,899.9 m2) courtyard of the Badshahi Mosque, which is the largest mosque courtyard in the world.
In 1993, the Government of Pakistan recommended the inclusion of the Badshahi Mosque as a World Heritage Site in UNESCO’s World Heritage List, where it has been included in Pakistan’s Tentative List for possible nomination to the World Heritage List by UNESCO.
Bai’tul Islam Mosque – Canada
The Baitul Islam (House of Islam) is a mosque in Vaughan north of Toronto run by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (AMJ) in Canada. It was inaugurated on October, 17th 1992 in the presence of the Khalifatul Masih IV and many Members of Parliament.
Banda Aceh Main Mosque – Indonesia
Banda Aceh is the provincial capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia, located on the island of Sumatra, with an elevation of 35 meters. The city regency covers an area of 64 square kilometres and according to the 2000 census had a population of 219,070 people. Banda Aceh is located at the northwestern tip of Indonesia at the mouth of the River Krueng Aceh.
Banya Bashi Mosque in Sofia – Bulgaria
Banya Bashi Mosque is a mosque in Sofia, Bulgaria, built by the famous architect and civil engineer Mimar Sinan.
Bayezid Complex – Edirne, Turkey
Beyazid II Külliye Health Museum is in Edirne, Turkey. A külliye is an Ottoman architectural concept that designates a complex of buildings centered around a mosque and Bayezid II Külliye was built in 1488 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid II (reigned 1481–1512).
The complex contains a darüşşifa (hospital, medical center) and it remained in operation for four hundred years as of 1488 until the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). The hospital was especially notable for its treatment methods for mental illnesses which included the use of music, water sound and scents.
Bayezid Complex – Edirne, Turkey
The Bajrakli Mosque (Serbian: Бајракли џамија / Bajrakli džamija; named in Turkish as Bayrakli, bayrak is Turkish for “flag” and Bayrakli means “with flag”) is a mosque in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Gospodar Jevremova Street in the neighbourhood of Dorćol. It was built around 1575, and is the only mosque in the city out of the 273 that had existed during the time of the Ottoman Empire’s rule of Serbia.
During the occupation of Serbia by the Austrians (between 1717 and 1739), it was converted into a Roman Catholic church; but after the Ottomans retook Belgrade, it was returned to its original function.
It was damaged after being set on fire on 18 March 2004, during that year’s unrest in Kosovo, in violent protest to the burning of Serbian churches in Kosovo, but it was later repaired.
Berat – Albania
Berat is a town located in south-central Albania and the capital of both the District of Berat and the larger County of Berat. As of 2009, the town has an estimated population of around 71,000 people. In July 2008, the old town (Mangalem district) was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Blue Mosque – Saigon, Vietnam
Blue Mosque – Yerevan, Armenia
The “Blue Mosque”, also known as the “Gök Jami”, (Azerbaijani: Göy məscid, Armenian: Կապույտ Մզկիթ, Kapuyt Mzkit or Գյոյ Մզկիթ, Gyoy Mzkit;Persian: مسجد کبود, Masjed-e Kabud), is a mosque in Yerevan, Armenia.
Burj Al Arab Hotel – Dubai
Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب,Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. At 321 m (1,053 ft), it is the fourth tallest hotel in the world. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Sometimes incorrectly referred to as “the world’s only seven-Star hotel”, its star rating has been often debated.