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Islamic Architecture Around the World [Part 1]

18 December 2011 5,318 views One Comment

We have collected 500 wallpapers of Islamic Architecture Around the World, we have divided them into 10 parts and with every wallpaper we will try to give the architecture details as much as possible 🙂 I hope you love them!

Abu Derwish Mosque in Amman – Jordan

Abu Derwish Mosque in Amman - Jordan

Abu Derwish Mosque in Amman - Jordan

Abu Derwish Mosque is one of the beautiful mosques of Amman, Jordan. It was built in 1961 on top of one of Amman’s seven hills, Jebel al-Ashrafiyeh. Its alternating black and white stones draw on traditional Levantine architecture. The mosque is clearly visible from other hills around Amman. It can accommodate more than 7000 worshippers.

Abu Mansur Mosque in Samarkand – Uzbekistan

Abu Mansur Mosque in Samarkand - Uzbekistan

Abu Mansur Mosque in Samarkand - Uzbekistan

Samarkand (Uzbek: Samarqand; Tajik: Самарқанд; Persian: سمرقند; from Sogdian: “Stone Fort” or “Rock Town”) is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. In the 14th century it became the capital of the empire of Timur (Tamerlane) and is the site of his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque remains one of the city’s most notable landmarks. The Registan was the ancient center of the city. In 2001, UNESCO added the city to its World Heritage List as Samarkand – Crossroads of Cultures.

Afyon in Turkey

Afyon in Turkey

Afyon in Turkey

Afyonkarahisar is a city in western Turkey, the capital of Afyon Province. Afyon is in mountainous countryside inland from the Aegean coast, 250 km (155 mi) south-west of Ankara along the Akarçay River. Elevation 1,021 m (3,350 ft). Population (2010 census) 173,100 .

The name Afyon Kara Hisar (lirerally opium black castle in Turkish), since opium was widely grown here and there is a castle on a black rock. Also known simply as Afyon. Older spellings include Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar and Afyon Karahisar. The city was known as Afyon (opium), until the name was changed to Afyonkarahisar by the Turkish Parliament in 2004.

Ahmed Shah Baba Mosque in Qandahar – Afghanistan

Ahmed Shah Baba Mosque in Qandahar - Afghanistan

Ahmed Shah Baba Mosque in Qandahar - Afghanistan

Ahmad Shah Durrani (c. 1722–1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه درانی), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khān, was the founder of the Durrani Empire (Afghan Empire) in 1747 and is regarded by many to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.

This mosque was built by Ahmad Shah Abdali in Qandahar.

Al Ashrafiyyah Mosque in Taiz – Yemen

Al Ashrafiyyah Mosque in Taiz - Yemen

Al Ashrafiyyah Mosque in Taiz - Yemen

Al-Ashrafiyyah with its Yemeni flourishes in the form of corbelling, highly ornate plaster and stuccowork, and painted interior shutters, ceilings, windows and domes which enchants – its central dome is particularly exquisite.

The whole structure is under renovation which will take many years to complete as specialists undertake the delicate work of bringing back to life the vivid colors and patterns produced by masters 700 years ago, and which in some cases have been marred by earlier restoration work.

Al Azhar Mosque in Cairo – Egypt

Al Azhar Mosque in Cairo - Egypt

Al Azhar Mosque in Cairo - Egypt

Al-Azhar Mosque (Arabic: الجامع الأزهر‎ al-Gāma` al-Azhar, “mosque of the most resplendent”) is a mosque in Islamic Cairo in Egypt. Al-Mu‘izz li-Dīn Allāh of the Fatimid Caliphate commissioned its construction for the newly established capital city in 970. Its name is usually thought to allude to the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s daughter Fatimah, a revered figure in Islam who was given the title az-Zahrā′ (“the shining one”). It was the first mosque established in Cairo, a city that has since gained the nickname “the city of a thousand minarets.”

Al Azim Mosque in Malacca – Malaysia

Al Azim Mosque in Malacca - Malaysia

Al Azim Mosque in Malacca - Malaysia

Al-Azim Mosque (Malay: Masjid Al-Azim) is the state mosque of Malacca. It is located next to the Malacca General Hospital in Malacca Town, Malaysia. The State Mausoleum is situated near the mosque.

The mosque was constructed between 1989 and 1990. It was officially opened on 13 July 1990.

The state mosque follows typical Malaccan mosque architecture which resembles a Chinese pagoda from the exterior. The interior of the mosque also shows Chinese influence and appears like the interior of a pagoda. It also has influences from local Malaccan Malay architecture.

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama – Bahrain

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (courtyard)

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (courtyard)


Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (dome)

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (dome)


Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (interior)

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (interior)


Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (night)

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain (night)


Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain

Al Fateh Mosque in Manama - Bahrain

The Al-Fateh Mosque (also known as Al-Fateh Islamic Center & Al Fateh Grand Mosque) (Arabic: مسجد الفاتح‎; transliterated: Masjid al-Fatih) is one of the largest mosques in the world, with the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time.

The mosque is the largest place of worship in Bahrain. It is located next to the King Faisal Highway in Juffair, which is a town located in the capital city of Manama. The huge dome built on top of the Al-Fatih Mosque is made of pure fiberglass. Weighting over 60 t (60,000 kg), the dome is currently the worlds largest fibreglass dome. Al-Fateh now includes the new National Library which opened to the public in 2006. The mosque was built by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa in 1987. It is named after Ahmed Al Fateh, the conqueror of Bahrain.

Al Fidos Mosque in Baghdad – Iraq

Al Fidos Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq

Al Fidos Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040. It is the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab World (after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia (after Tehran, Iran).

Al Hambra in Granada – Spain

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (courtyard)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (courtyard)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (dome)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (dome)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (garden)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (garden)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (interior)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (interior)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (night)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (night)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (pool)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (pool)


Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (wood works)

Al Hambra in Granada - Spain (wood works)

The Alhambra ( /ælˈhæmbrə/; Spanish: [aˈlambɾa]; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء‎, trans. al-Ḥamrā; literally “the red one”), the complete form of which was Calat Alhambra (Arabic: الْقَلْعَةُ ٱلْحَمْرَاءُ‎, trans. al-Qal‘at al-Ḥamrā’, “the red fortress”), is a palace and fortress complex located in the Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was constructed during the mid 14th century by the Moorish rulers of the Emirate of Granada in al-Andalus, occupying the top of the hill of the Assabica on the southeastern border of the city of Granada.

The Alhambra’s Moorish palaces were built for the last Muslim Emirs in Spain and its court, of the Nasrid dynasty. After the Reconquista (reconquest) by the Reyes Católicos (“Catholic Monarchs”) in 1492, some portions were used by the Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, built by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasrid fortifications. After being allowed to fall into disrepair for centuries, the Alhambra was “discovered” in the 19th century by European scholars and travelers, with restorations commencing. It is now one of Spain’s major tourist attractions, exhibiting the country’s most significant and well known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian building and garden interventions. The Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the inspiration for many songs and stories.

The Aljafería Palace in Spain

Al Jaferia Palace in Spain

Al Jaferia Palace in Spain

The Aljafería Palace (Arabic:قصر الجعفرية Qasr Aljafariya, Spanish: Palacio de la Aljafería) is a fortified medieval Islamic palace built during the second half of the 11th century in the Moorish taifa of Zaragoza of Al-Andalus, present day Zaragoza, Spain. It was the residence of the Banu Hud dynasty during the era of Abu Jaffar Al-Muqtadir after abolishing Banu Tujibi of Kindah dynasty. the palace reflects the splendor attained by the kingdom of the taifa of Zaragoza at the height of its grandeur. The palace currently contains the Cortes (regional parliament) of the autonomous community of Aragon.

The structure holds unique importance in that it is the only conserved testimony of a large building of Spanish Islamic architecture of the era of the Taifas (independent kingdoms).

Al Nida Mosque in Baghdad – Iraq

Al Nida Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq

Al Nida Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040. It is the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab World (after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia (after Tehran, Iran).

Al Nour Mosque in Cairo – Egypt

Al Nour Mosque in Cairo - Egypt

Al Nour Mosque in Cairo - Egypt


Cairo ( /ˈkaɪroʊ/ kye-roh; Arabic: القاهرة‎ al-Qāhira, literally “The Vanquisher” or “The Conqueror”), is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. It was founded in the year 969 A.D. making it 1,042 years old. Nicknamed “The City of a Thousand Minarets” for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region’s political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century AD.; but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza and Fustat which are nearby to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.

Al Quds Masjid in Zamboanga – Philippines

Al Quds Masjid in Zamboanga - Philippines

Al Quds Masjid in Zamboanga - Philippines


Al Quds Masjid in Zamboanga - Philippines (interior)

Al Quds Masjid in Zamboanga - Philippines (interior)

The City of Zamboanga (Zamboangueño Chavacano/Spanish: Ciudad de Zamboanga): is a highly urbanized, independent and a chartered city located in Mindanao, Philippines. It is currently ranked as the 6th most populous city (947,020 estimated population as of 2010) and the 3rd largest by land area in the Philippines (1,483.3849/km2 (572.738/sq mi)). It is located at the southernmost tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula and is bounded in the north by the provinces of Zamboanga Sibugay and Zamboanga del Norte, in the west by the Sulu Sea, in the east by Sibuguey Bay, and in the south by the Basilan Strait. It is approximately 460 nautical miles (850 km) south of City of Manila, 365 nautical miles (676 km) northeast of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, 345 nautical miles (639 km) northeast of Manado, Indonesia, bounded to the west by Sulu Sea, on the east by the Moro Gulf, and on the south by the Basilan Strait and Celebes Sea. Its distance from Cebu City is about 372.57 nautical miles (690.00 km), and is 340.17 nautical miles (629.99 km) from Davao City.

Al Zulfa Mosque in Seeb – Oman

Al Zulfa Mosque in Seeb - Oman

Al Zulfa Mosque in Seeb - Oman


Seeb, As Seeb or As Sib (Arabic: السيب‎) is a coastal fishing town, located several kilometres northwest of Muscat, in northeastern Oman.

Alcazaba Fortress in Malaga – Spain

Alcazaba Fortress in Malaga - Spain

Alcazaba Fortress in Malaga - Spain


The Alcazaba is a Moorish fortification in Málaga, Spain. It was built in the mid-11th century.

This is the best-preserved alcazaba (from the Arabic al-qasbah, قصبة, meaning “citadel”) in Spain. Adjacent to the entrance of the Alcazaba are ruins of a Roman theatre dating to the 2nd century BC, which are undergoing restoration. Some of the Roman era materials were reused in the Moorish construction of the Alcazaba.

In 1487, Ferdinand and Isabella captured the city from the Moors after a long siege, and raised their standard at the “Torre del Homenaje” in the inner citadel.

Aleppo in Syria

Aleppo in Syria

Aleppo in Syria

Aleppo (Arabic: حلب‎ Ḥalab [ˈħalæb], other names) is the largest city in Syria and the capital of Aleppo Governorate, the most populous Syrian governorate. With an official population of 2,301,570 (2005 official estimate), expanding to over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area, it is also one of the largest cities in the Levant. For centuries, Aleppo was Greater Syria’s largest city and the Ottoman Empire’s third, after Constantinople and Cairo. Although relatively close to Damascus in distance, Aleppo is distinct in identity, architecture and culture, all shaped by a markedly different history and geography.

Ali Pasha Mosque in Sarajevo – Bosnia and Hercegowina

Ali Pasha Mosque in Sarajevo - Bosnia and Hercegowina

Ali Pasha Mosque in Sarajevo - Bosnia and Hercegowina

Ali Pasha’s Mosque was constructed in Sarajevo during 1560-61 as a vakuf (legacy or perpetual endowment) of Hadim Ali-pasha, the former Ottoman governor of the Budapest administrative district (budimski begler-beg) and the Bosnia Pashaluk. The mosque was built according to the classical Istanbul architectural style. The dome covers the prayer area and three small domes cover the cloister. Because of its noble proportions it stands at the top of the scale of all sub-dome mosques that have been constructed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the framework of the complex there is a domed burial site (turbe) with two sarcophagus of Avdo Sumbul (d.1915) and Behdžet Mutevelić (d.1915), Gajret activists who died in the dungeons of Arad. The Ali Pasha Mosque was heavily damaged by Serbian forces during the conflict of the early 1990s, especially the dome. The most recent renovation of the mosque occurred in 2004 and in January 2005, the Commission to Preserve National Monuments issued a decision to add the Ali Pasha Mosque to the list of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Amasya in Turkey

Amasya in Turkey

Amasya in Turkey


Amasya, the Amaseia of antiquity, is the capital of the administrative district of Amasya Province in northern Turkey. The population of the province is 334,786 and the population of the city is 99 905.[1] The mayor is Cafer Özdemir (AKP).

Amasya stands in the mountains above the Black Sea coast, in a narrow valley along the banks of the Yeşilırmak River. Although near the Black Sea, this area is high above the coast and has an inland climate, well-suited to growing apples, for which the province of Amasya is famed.

Amir Abdulkadir Mosque in Constantine – Algeria

Amir Abdulkadir Mosque in Constantine - Algeria

Amir Abdulkadir Mosque in Constantine - Algeria


Constantine (Arabic: قسنطينة‎, Qusanṭīnah, also spelled Qasentina also spelled as Kasantina) is the capital of Constantine Province in north-eastern Algeria. It was the capital of the same-named French département until 1962. Slightly inland, it is about 80 kilometres from the Mediterranean coast, on the banks of Rhumel river. Regarded as the capital of eastern Algeria and the centre of its region, Constantine has a population of 448,374 (1,000,000 with the agglomeration), making it the third largest city in the country after Algiers and Oran. There are museums and important historical sites around the city (one of the most beautiful one is the Palais du Bey, in the casbah)

Amir Timur Mosque in Samarkand – Uzbekistan

Amir Timur Mosque in Samarkand - Uzbekistan

Amir Timur Mosque in Samarkand - Uzbekistan


Bibi-Khanym Mosque (Persian: مسجد بی بی خانم; Uzbek: Bibi-Xonum machiti) is a famous historical Friday mosque in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, whose name comes from the wife of 14th-century ruler, Amir Timur.

Amr Bin Aas Mosque in Cairo – Egypt

Amr Bin Aas Mosque in Cairo - Egypt.jpg

Amr Bin Aas Mosque in Cairo - Egypt.jpg


The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As (Arabic: جامع عمرو بن العاص‎), also called the Mosque of Amr, was originally built in 642 AD, as the center of the newly-founded capital of Egypt, Fustat. The original structure was the first mosque ever built in Egypt, and by extension, the first mosque on the continent of Africa.

The location for the mosque was the site of the tent of the commander of the conquering army, general Amr ibn al-As. One corner of the mosque contains the tomb of his son, Abdullah. Due to extensive reconstruction over the centuries, nothing of the original building remains, but the rebuilt Mosque is a prominent landmark, and can be seen in what today is known as “Old Cairo”. It is an active mosque with a devout congregation, and when prayers are not taking place, it is also open to visitors and tourists.

An Nour Mosque in Malaysia

An Nour Mosque in Malaysia

An Nour Mosque in Malaysia


The An-Nur Kota Raya Mosque (Malay: Masjid An-Nur Kota Raya) is the only mosque in Malaysia which is located in a shopping complex. It is situated in Plaza Kota Raya, Johor Bahru. It is owned by Johor Corporation (J-Corp), the Johor state government’s investment arm. While the mosque is not the only mosque in Malaysia that is fully air-conditioned, it is still a unique feature of the mosque. As it is located in a shopping complex, the mosque has the privilege of having a KFC restaurant below it.

Anadolu Hisari Fortress in Istanbul

Anadolu Hisari Fortress in Istanbul

Anadolu Hisari Fortress in Istanbul


Anadoluhisarı (Anatolian Castle) is a fortress located in Istanbul, Turkey on the Anatolian (Asian) side of the Bosporus, which also gives its name to the quarter around it. It was built between 1393 and 1394 by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I “The Thunderbolt” as part of his preparations for the Second Ottoman Siege of Constantinople, which took place in 1395.

Ar Rahman Mosque in Baghdad – Iraq

Ar Rahman Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq

Ar Rahman Mosque in Baghdad - Iraq


Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد‎, Baġdād, IPA: [bæɣˈdæːd]) is the capital of Iraq, as well as the coterminous Baghdad Governorate. The population of Baghdad in 2011 is approximately 7,216,040. It is the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab World (after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia (after Tehran, Iran).

Ar Rifai Mosque in Cairo – Egypt

Ar Rifai Mosque in Cairo - Egypt

Ar Rifai Mosque in Cairo - Egypt


The Al-Rifa’i Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الرفاعى‎, transliterated also as Al-Rifai, Al-Refai, Al-Refa’i, and named in English the Royal Mosque), is located in Cairo, Egypt, in Midan al-Qal’a, adjacent to the Cairo Citadel. The building is located opposite the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, which dates from around 1361, and was architecturally conceived as a complement to the older structure. This was part of a vast campaign by the 19th century rulers of Egypt to both associate themselves with the perceived glory of earlier periods in Egypt’s Islamic history and modernize the city. The mosque was constructed next to two large public squares and off of several European style boulevards constructed around the same time.

Askyrian Mosque in Samarra – Iraq

Askyrian Mosque in Samarra - Iraq

Askyrian Mosque in Samarra - Iraq

At Taubah Mosque in Jakarta – Indonesia

At Taubah Mosque in Jakarta - Indonesia

At Taubah Mosque in Jakarta - Indonesia


Jakarta (English pronunciation: /dʒəˈkɑrtə/ formerly Batavia) is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Officially known as the Special Capital Territory of Jakarta, it is located on the northwest coast of Java, has an area of 661 square kilometres (255 sq mi), and a population of 9,580,000.[4] Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre. It is the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia, and is the tenth-largest city in the world. The urban area, Jabodetabek, is the second largest in the world. Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research.

Auburn Mosque in Sydney – Australia

Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia

Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia


Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia (dome)

Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia (dome)


Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia (fountain)

Auburn Mosque in Sydney - Australia (fountain)


The Auburn Gallipoli Mosque is an Ottoman-style mosque in Auburn, a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The mosque attracts about 800 worshippers every week and is primarily used by Turkish Australians.

The first mosque on the present mosque site was opened for worship in 3rd of November 1979. It was a house with internal walls removed to generate open space. The construction of the present mosque structure began in 1986. Its construction and external finishes were completed and officially opened on 28th of November 1999, twenty years after the first opening. Auburn Gallipoli Mosque is the largest Mosque in Australia.

Azadi Mosque in Ashgabat – Turkmenistan

Azadi Mosque in Ashgabat - Turkmenistan

Azadi Mosque in Ashgabat - Turkmenistan


Ertogrul Gazi Mosque on Azadi str. is a mosque located just south of Magtymguly şayoli,in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. It was one of the first mosques built after the independence of Turkmenistan in the early 1990s and like several other mosques in the country resembles that of the Blue Mosque in İstanbul.

However, during its construction there were a number of accidental deaths, as a a result it attracts few worshippers as some people are convinced it gives bad luck.

That’s all for part 1, we will soon share part 2 with you =)

One Comment »

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